Fox Sub-Speces

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This page contains some basic information on some differnt type of foxes.

Name: Red Fox
Scientific name: Vulpes vulpes

Habitat: Wide spread around the world. Red foxes live in burrows that are often under trees, it just depends on the environment.
Diet: Red Foxes are largely carnivorous. The majority of their diet consists of invertebrates, such as insects, mollusks, earthworms and crayfish. They do also eat some plant material, especially blackberries, apples, plums and other fruit. Common vertebrate prey includes rodents (such as mice and voles), rabbits, birds, eggs, amphibians, small reptiles and fish.

Name: Fennec Fox
Scientific name: Vulpes zerda

Habitat: Sahara Desert of North Africa.
Diet: The Fennec Fox is a nocturnal omnivore. At night, it hunts rodents, insects, birds, and eggs of birds and insects. Much of the diet is desert vegetation, from which the Fennec Fox gets most of its water. This consists of grasses, some roots, and some fruit and berries.

Name: Artic Fox
Scientific name: Vulpes lagopus

Habitat: The Arctic Fox has a circumpolar range, meaning that it is found throughout the entire Arctic, including the outer edges of Greenland, Russia, Canada, Alaska, and Svalbard, as well as in Subarctic and alpine areas, such as Iceland and mainland alpine Scandinavia.
Diet: The Arctic Fox will generally eat any meat it can find, including lemmings, Arctic Hare, reptiles and amphibians, eggs, and carrion. Lemmings are the most common prey.

Name: Swift Fox
Scientific name: Vulpes velox

Habitat: The Swift Fox resides primarily in deserts and short-grass prairies. They form their dens in sandy soil on open prairies, in plowed fields, or along fences. It is native to the Great Plains region of North America, and its range extends north to the central part of Alberta, Canada, and south to Texas. It reaches from western Iowa to Colorado, Kansas, Wyoming, and Montana.
Diet: Like most canids, the Swift Fox is an omnivore. Rabbits, mice, ground squirrels, birds, insects and lizards are staples. Grasses and fruits round out its diet. However, like any efficient forager, the Swift Fox takes advantage of seasonal foods. During the summer, adults eat large amounts of insects, including beetles and grasshoppers, and feed their young with larger prey items. Deer and other carrion may also be important food sources.

Name: Cape Fox
Scientific name: Vulpes chama

Habitat: The Cape Fox often lives a solitary life, though they are known to pair up. The species is found in the Southern regions of Africa ranging from Zimbabwe to Angola. The Cape Fox usually is found in the open savannah as well as semi-arid regions in these areas as this gives them the space that they like for hunting and mating as well as plenty of different dietary options, which is important for these omnivores.
Diet: The Cape Fox is able to live just about anywhere in the above stated region because it feeds on what is available. The fox is an omnivore and though they seem to prefer small animals and reptiles, they will also feed on insects, insect larvae, and fruit. This diet allows for the Cape Fox to move easily from region to region and find food to eat, as well as to survive easily from season to season when some foods may be more abundant than others.

Name: Pale Fox
Scientific name: Vulpes pallida

Habitat: Pale Foxes can be found in the Sahel area of Africa. They are social animals and they live in large, extensive, communal burrows.
Diet: Pale Foxes are omnivores and they mainly feed on rodents, lizards, birds, insects, eggs, fruit and vegetation.

Name: Bengal Fox
Scientific name: Vulpes bengalensis

Habitat: The Bengal fox ranges in India, Nepal and Pakistan. They avoid forested areas, instead preferring the foothills of the Himalayas and the open country areas of their range.
Diet: The Bengal Fox feeds on rodents, reptiles, crabs, termites, insects, small birds, and fruits.

Name: Corsac Fox
Scientific name: Vulpes corsac

Habitat: This fox lives in the steppes and semi-desert of central and northeast Asia. It is found in large areas of central Asia including northern Afghanistan, northeast China, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Russia, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
Diet: They are omnivores, eating small animals, birds, reptiles, insects & plants. They sometimes feed on carrion and rodents.

Name: Blanford’s Fox
Scientific name: Vulpes cana

Habitat: The Blanford's fox inhabits semi-arid regions, steppes and mountains of Afghanistan, Egypt (Sinaï), Turkestan, northeast Iran, SW Pakistan, Palestine and Israel. It may also live throughout Arabia (Oman, Yemen, Jordan, and west Saudi Arabia).
Diet: Omnivorous, and more frugivorous than other foxes. It prefers seedless grapes, ripe melons and Russian chives when consuming domestic crops. In addition, it eats insects.

Name: Kit Fox
Scientific name: Vulpes macrotis

Habitat: The Kit Fox is a relatively common North American fox. Its range extends into northern Mexico.
Diet: The Kit Fox is mostly a nocturnal animal but sometimes ventures out of its den during the day. The Kit Fox usually goes out to hunt shortly after sunset, mostly eating small animals like kangaroo rats, cotton tails, field mice, jackrabbits, insects, fish, and small birds. Different Kit Fox families can occupy the same hunting grounds, but do not generally go hunting at the same time.

Name: Tibetan Sand Fox
Scientific name: Vulpes ferrilata

Habitat: The Tibetan Sand Fox is species of true fox endemic to the high Tibetan Plateau in Nepal, China, and India, up to altitudes of about 5300 m.
Diet: The Tibetan Sand Fox primarily preys on the Plateau Pika; it also feeds on rodents, ground birds, and carrion. A 1998 dropping analysis of 113 fox droppings to determine the Tibetan Sand Fox diet showed a content of 95 percent Plateau Pika and 2.7 percent Tibetan Antelope, most likely scavenged. The remainder consisted of insects, bird feathers, and plants, including Ephedra berries.

Name: Hoary Fox
Scientific name: Lycalopex vetulus

Habitat: The Hoary Fox, also called the Hoary zorro, is a species of zorro or "false" fox endemic to Brazil. It is a slender animal with a relatively short, pointed muzzle, and large ears. It inhabits, mainly, the Brazilian Cerrado ecosystem, although it can also be found in transitional habitats.
Diet: It is an omnivorous animal but feeds, mainly, on termites, dung beetles and other insects and small mammals.

Name: Rüppell's Fox
Scientific name: Vulpes rueppellii

Habitat: Rüppell's Fox, also spelled Rueppell's Fox is a species of fox living in North Africa and the Middle East, from Morocco to Afghanistan.
Diet: Rüppell's Fox is a solitary forager. It is an omnivore, and will eat almost anything that crosses its path. Mostly, it is an insectivore, but its diet also consists of tubers and roots, as well as small mammals, reptiles, eggs, and arachnids.

Name: Gray Fox
Scientific name: Urocyon cinereoargenteus

Habitat: The Gray Fox rang throughout most of the southern half of North America from Southern Canada to northern Venezuela and Colombia.
Diet: The Gray Fox is a solitary hunter and is largely omnivorous. It frequently preys upon the Eastern Cottontail, though it will readily catch voles, shrews, and birds. The Gray Fox supplements its diet with whatever fruits are readily available and generally eats more vegetable matter than does the Red Fox.

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